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How Hot are Chiles?

How Hot are those chiles??
Heat is measured in Scoville Units.

The Scoville Scale was created by a pharmacist named Wilbur Scoville in 1912 to measure the heat of peppers. A “Scoville Unit” is actually a measure of capsaicin (the chemical in hot peppers that is responsible for their heat). Scoville’s test was a comparative taste test that is considered subjective by today’s standards. A more sophisticated method is in use today, but in honor of Wilbur Scoville, the unit of measure is still called the Scoville.

 

Scoville Units Pepper
 2,200,000  Carolina Reaper
 2,009,000  Trinidad Moruga Scorpion
 1,850,000 7 Pot Douglah
 1,470,000  7 Pot Primo
 1,460,000 Trinidad Scorpion
 1,300,000  Naga Viper
 1,001,304 Ghost Chile, aka Bhut Jolokia
 500,000  Red Savina Habanero
 100,000 – 300,000  Habanero
 50,000 – 100,000 Chile Tepin, Thai 
 30,000 – 50,000 Tabasco, Pequin, Cayenne 
 15,000 – 30,000 de Arbol 
 5,000 – 15,000 Serrano, Dynamite 
 2,500 – 5,000  Guajillo, Mirasol, Jalapeno, Inferno
 1,500 – 2,500 Sandia, Pueblo Hot, Rocotillo, Cascabel 
1,000 – 1,500

Pasilla, Ancho, Negro, Big Jim

500 – 1,000

New Mexico 6-4, Anaheim, Mulato

0 – 500

Cherry, Bell, Pimento